If you want to read more about pro-sociality …


Barr, J.J., & Higgins-D’Alessandro, A. (2007). Adolescent empathy and prosocial behavior in the multidimensional context of school culture. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 168(3), 231-250.

Carlo, G., & Randall, B.A. (2002). The development of a measure of prosocial behaviors for late adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 31(1), 31-44.

Dereli, E., & Aypay, A. (2012). The prediction of empathetic tendency and characteristic trait of collaboration on humane values in secondary education students and the examining to those characteristics. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 12, 1262-1279.

Eisenberg, N., Eggum, N.D. and DiGiunta, L. (2010), Empathy-related responding: Associations with prosocial behavior, aggression, and intergroup relations. Social Issues and Policy Review, 4, 143–180.

Fox, K. (2010). Children making a difference: Developing awareness of poverty through service learning. The Social Studies, 101(1), 1-9.

Grant, A.M., & Gino, F. (2010). A little thanks goes a long way: Explaining why gratitude expressions motivate prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(6), 946.

Kokko, K., Tremblay, R.E., Lacourse, E., Nagin, D.S., & Vitaro, F. (2006). Trajectories of prosocial behavior and physical aggression in middle childhood: Links to adolescent school dropout and physical violence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16(3), 403-428.

Malti, T., Gummerum, M., Keller, M. and Buchmann, M. (2009), Children’s moral motivation, sympathy, and prosocial behavior. Child Development, 80, 442–460.

McCurdy, B.L., Kunsch, C., & Reibstein, S. (2007). Secondary prevention in the urban school: Implementing the behavior education program. Preventing School Failure, 51(3), 12-19.

Robinson III, E.M., & Curry, J.R. (2005). Promoting altruism in the classroom. Childhood Education, 82(2), 68- 73.

Skinner, C.H., Cashwell, T.H., & Skinner, A.L. (2000). Increasing tootling: The effects of a peer-monitored group contingency program on students’ reports of peers’ prosocial behaviors. Psychology in the Schools, 37(3), 263-270.

Thompson, K.L. and Gullone, E. (2003), Promotion of empathy and prosocial behaviour in children through humane education. Australian Psychologist, 38,175–182.

Twenge, J.M., Baumeister, R.F., DeWall, C.N., Ciarocco, N.J., & Bartels, J.M. (2007). Social exclusion decreases prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(1), 56.

Zasloff, L.R., Hart, L.A., & Weiss, J.M. (2003). Dog training as a violence prevention tool for at-risk adolescents. Anthrozoös: A Multidisciplinary Journal of the Interactions of People & Animals, 16(4), 352-359.


Babula, M. (2013). Motivation, altruism, personality and social psychology: The coming age of altruism. ISBN: 9781137031280.

Blake, S. (2007). Promoting emotional and social development in schools: A practical guide. London: Paul Chapman. ISBN: 9781412907309.

Brunskill, K. (2006). Developing consideration, respect and tolerance. London, England: Paul Chapman. ISBN: 9781412919630.

Brunskill, K. (2006). Learning to be honest, kind and friendly. London, England: Paul Chapman. ISBN: 9781412919623.

Caselman, T. (2009). Teaching children empathy: The social emotion : lessons, activities and reproducible worksheets (K-6) that teach how to “step into other’s shoes”. Chapin, SC: YouthLight, Inc. ISBN: 9781598500141.

Doherty, M. J. (2009). Theory of mind: How children understand others’ thoughts and feelings. Hove: Psychology Press. ISBN: 9781841695709.

Heiss, R. (2007). Helping kids help: Organizing successful charitable projects. Chicago: Zephyr Press. ISBN: 9781569762110.

Levine, D.A. (2005). Teaching empathy: A blueprint for caring, compassion, and community. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree. ISBN: 9781932127782.

Loar, L., Colman, L.L., & Latham Foundation. (2004). Teaching empathy: Animal-assisted therapy programs for children and families exposed to violence. Alameda, Calif.: Latham Foundation for the Promotion of Humane Eduation. ISBN: 9780967533032.

Scott, N., & Seglow, J. (2007). Altruism. McGraw-Hill International. ISBN: 9780335222490.

Shapiro, L.E. (2008). Learning to listen, learning to care: A workbook to help kids learn self-control & empathy. Oakland, CA: Instant Help Books. ISBN: 9781572245983.

Spinrad, T., & Eisenberg, N. (2009). Empathy, prosocial behavior, and positive development in schools. In Handbook of positive psychology in schools, 119-129. ISBN: 9780805863611.

Sussman, R.W., & Cloninger, C.R. (2011). Origins of altruism and cooperation. New York: Springer. ISBN: 9781441995193.